Academic Work

 

Geography of Valution: a Real World Laboratory Aproach

In recent years we could observe a revival of cities, connected to an augmented concentration of creative activities in certain neighborhoods. Existing arguments explain this connection of urban growth by creative and highly qualified in-migration as driven by consumption and propensities for amenities. Yet, these approaches cannot explain the changing geography of production. Therefore, we argue that the valuation of knowledge, i.e. the negotiation about what is of value, is a crucial driver for geographical concentration. We base our argument on the necessity for geographical proximity when negotiating values under conditions of uncertainties. We exemplify our argument that valuation leads to concentration under conditions of uncertainty by using two art fairs as real world laboratories: the Art Basel and the SCOPE. We found that under conditions of uncertainty, negotiations about value require permanent interactions and result in volatile markets. From this insight, we derive expectations about an economic geography of valuation.

Year: 2017
Author: Haisch, T. & Menzel, M.-P.
Journal: CCE Working Paper Text, report No 1.
Weblink: pdf

 

Why do entrepreneurial individuals locate in non-metropolitan regions?

This paper analyses the dynamics of personal location choices of entrepreneurs in five European non-metropolitan regions. We started with the research question as to why these highly talented and creative individuals, who could live almost anywhere in the world, chose non-metropolitan regions, instead of the vibrant urban agglomerations with multiple (business) opportunities. The analysis showed that regional embeddedness, quality of life factors (amenities), combined with a specific entrepreneurial climate, contributed to these choices. Furthermore, different types of entrepreneurs exhibited distinct location choices. On the one hand, entrepreneurs in creative industries valued an open and tolerant neighbourhood coupled with cultural amenities and qualities of the natural environment. On the other hand, entrepreneurs in other economic sectors and sciences appreciated the more traditional factors of good schools, business opportunities and an attractive housing market.

Year: 2017
Author: Haisch, T., Knall, J. & Coenen, F
Journal: International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 21(3), pp. 212–233
Edition: 2017
Weblink: Link

 

From temporary clusters to temporary markets. The process of valuation at art fairs in Basel.

The knowledge perspective describes trade fairs as „temporary clusters“, where interactions take place and relations form. We argue that knowledge processes are also fundamental to construct markets. Functioning markets require that seller and buyer have comparable information on an object. Fairs provide possibilities for comparison that contribute to reducing information asymmetries between buyers and sellers. Our study bases on 46 interviews taken during three fairs on contemporary art in Basel. The three art fairs differ in their means to limit access to fair space, the objects they exhibit and the environment they provide to reduce information asymmetries. We find that the more possibilities a fair provides to reduce information asymmetries, the better the calculations of sellers and buyers align and the higher the chance that supply  meets demand. By reducing information asymmetries and aligning calculations, fairs contribute to construct global markets.

Year: 2017
Author: Haisch, T. & Menzel, M.-P.
Journal: Working Paper

 

Interplay between ecological and economic resilience and sustainability and the role of institutions. Evidence from two resource based communities in the Swiss Alps

Alpine communities often concentrate only a few sectors that are resource-dependent, such as tourism, construction, agriculture and energy that makes them vulnerable not only to external and internal shocks but also to resource exploitation and ecological distress. The danger of exploitation rises with the opportunities of economic benefit in these regions. This paper contributes to the discussion on economic and ecological resilience and sustainability in resource dependent communities in the Swiss Alps. While human agency and institutions are proposed to be the key for change and regional development, only a limited number of studies have been conducted to investigate these micro processes in more detail. The case study shows that collective agency in adaptation processes is most likely to occur on the base of active participation of affected actors and established but flexible institutions that frame these processes and counterbalance (economic and ecological) interests. Moreover, organizational capabilities of community officials and adequate resource allocation seem to play a major role.

Year: 2017
Author: Haisch, T.
Journal: Working Paper

 

Location choice of the creative class. Does tolerance make a difference?

Human capital and members of the creative class are bearers of economic growth, yet little is known about exactly what the relevant factors are for the concentration of the highly skilled in a specific place. Tolerance for example is supposed to make the difference between creative and human capital. But does tolerance really make a difference for anybody? And what about other factors: Are they specifically relevant for creative individuals or simply valid for the whole population? This study contributes to the discussion on the highly skilled by investigating whether tolerance, taxes, or other regional amenities contribute to their concentration and dynamics. The results show that tolerance in particular toward immigrants, but also toward same-sex partnerships, is a rather dynamic concept, differs largely between and within functional urban regions, and makes a difference regarding the highly skilled.

Year: 2015
Author: Haisch, T. & Klöpper, C.
Journal: Journal of Urban Affairs
Edition: Volume 37, Issue 3, pp. 233–254
Weblink: Link

 

Defining and measuring urban regions – a sensitivity analysis

This paper evaluates the impact of alternative city boundary definitions on economic performance. First we discuss the theoretical background and motivate the empirical work. Then we present the methodological concept of the sensitivity analysis, which will be applied to a variety of data of Zürich and Bern (the financial and the administrative centres of Switzerland) in order to see how the values of different indicators vary depending on the definition adopted. Finally we will show whether the empirical patterns found are statistically significant. The analysis shows, that the delimitation of a city or city region indeed matters.

Year: 2015
Author: Haisch, T. & Müller, U.
Journal: Papers in Regional Sciences
Edition: Volume 94, Issue 1, pp. 219–226
Weblink: Link

 

The Evolution of the Swiss Biotech and Medtech Industry and the Influence of the Pharma-Shaped Innovation System

This paper is dealing with the influence of one dominant sector or industry within a national ecnomy and how related sectors and technologies are influenced. Research objective is the pharmaceutical industry in Switzerland which we suggest shaped the development as well as the spatial distribution of related business sectors such as biotechnology and medical technology. We suppose that its influence differs significantly in terms of spatial reach, meaning that medtech and biotech have profiteered from national institutions shaped by the pharmaceutical industry. Furthermore, a regional impact shuld be proved in the Basel region where the pharmaceutical industry is concentrated through spin-offs and close business linkage with the pharmaceutical industry. Those suggestions are considered within the theoretical concepts of national and regional innovation systems in terms of evolution, path dependency and interactions.

Year: 2008
Author: Klöpper C. & Haisch, T.
Journal: Révue Géographique de l'Est
Edition: No 48, 3-4
Weblink: Link

 

Creative and academic professions: an analysis of residential selection patterns of highly-skilled persons in the region of Basel, Switzerland

This article investigates the relation between different residential site parameters and the concentration/development of human capital. Human capital is understood here to refer to highly skilled professionals. In particular, the preferences made by persons exercising creatice or academic professions with regards residential area in the region of Basel are investigated. Results are compared to residential trends in the population at large.

The investigation highlights the strong tendency of creative and academic professionals to live in communes with low taxation rates and high tolerance values. However, the analysis of relative population change in the 1990’s indicates that it is not, as until recently suspected, a particular package of residential parameters that attract highly skilled professionals to a new place. Rather, it would seem that the chance to influence the parameters of a new residential location holds the greater attraction for this target group. Further, the observation was made, that relocation of highly skilled professionals form the centre to peripheral areas in the region of Basel during this period remained constant. Thus, not only does suburbanization appear to remain dominant in the region, it is a process which appears to affect all population groups.

Year: 2007
Author: Haisch, T. & Klöpper C.
Journal: Geographica Helvetica
Edition: Jg. 62. Heft 2. S. 75-85
Weblink: pdf